Fishing ancient Lake Baikal, Siberia : inferences from the reconstruction of harvested perch (Perca fluviatilis) size

Type de publication  Journal Article
Auteur(s)  Losey, R.J.; Nomokonova, T.; Goriunova, O. I
Volume  35
Titre de la revue  Journal of archaeological science
Année  2008
Pages  577-590
Mots-clés  Methodology-in-prehistory; Siberia-; Asia-; Economy-; Holocene-; Reconstruction-; Harvest-; Foundation-; People-; Technology-; Tool-; Tools-; Finds-; Materials-; Site-; Analysis-; Arctic-
Résumé  

Fishing was the foundation for many of the world's foraging peoples and was undertaken using a variety of technologies. Reconstructing fishing technologies can be difficult because these tools were often made of perishable materials. Here we explore fishing technologies employed at the Ityrkhei site on Lake Baikal, Siberia. Specifically, we employ regression analyses to reconstruct the sizes of perch (Perca fluviatilis) captured through time at the site. Our analyses demonstrate that almost no juvenile perch were taken, suggesting some selectivity in harvest. We suggest this selectivity is most consistent with the use of relatively large gauge nets or traps. Such mass harvesting technologies may have been important elements of the subsistence economies of Lake Baikal's foraging peoples throughout much of the Holocene.